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Liver Profile
  • Albumin: An imortant enzyme produced in the liver that helps keep water inside the blood vessels to prevent dehydration.
  • High Albumin levels could mean: Dehydration
  • Low Albumin levels could mean: liver disease, nephritic syndrome, heart failure, low intake/absorption of protein
  • Albumin/Globulin Ratio: Calculated ratio of both tests.
  • Alkaline Phosphatase: Enzyme that is found primarily in bone and liver. Abnormalities can reflect increased activity of bone forming cells or obstruction of bile flow to the liver. Reference range: 20-125 u/L
  • High Alkaline Phosphatase levels could mean: Bone growth & disease, liver disease, malignancies in bone & liver, leukemia
  • ALT & AST: ALT is produced in the liver, red blood cells, and the heart. AST is found in high concentrations in the liver, skeletal, and heart muscles. Enzyme molecules that enhance chemical reaction.
  • High ALT levels could mean: Liver disease (hepatocyte injury). Hepatitis, drug therapy, biliary disease
  • High AST levels could mean: Alcoholism, cirrhosis, hepatitis, drug therapy, biliary disease
  • Low AST levels could mean: Uremia, B6 deficiency, drug therapy
  • Bilirubin, Total & Direct: Main pigment in bile and major product of red cell breakdown. This is helpful in evaluating liver functions such as anemias and jaundice.
  • High Total Bilirubin levels could mean: Liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis, neoplasm), alcoholism, hemolytic disease, biliary obstruction, neonatal jaundice, anorexia
  • High Direct Bilirubin levels could mean: Liver disease (hepatitis, cirrhosis, neoplasms), biliary disease, neonatal jaundice
  • Gamma Glutamyltransferase (GGT): GGT is produced in highest concentrations within bile ducts in the liver. It can be used as an indicator of liver disease.
  • High GGT levels could mean: Biliary obstruction, cirrhosis, hepatitis, liver & pancreatic cancer, alcoholism
  • Globulin: Group of sixty different proteins that help fight infection, play an important role in blood clotting, and serve as carrier proteins for hormones.
  • High Globulin levels could mean: Some Chronic Inflammatory diseases (ex: TB, Syphilis), multiple myeloma, collagen disease, and rheumatoid arthritis
  • Low Globulin levels could mean: Hepatic dysfunction, renal disease, various neoplasms, elevated globulins, or low albumin.
  • Total Protein: Combination of your Albumin and Globulin tests. Liver and renal function influences the test results.
  • High Protein levels could mean: Dehydration
  • Low Protein levels could mean: Decreased intake/absorption, edema
 
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